LANDac International Conference 2022 Session Summary
The presentation was organized in 3 parts: presentation of the land situation, land actors, and land revolution in the Arab Region.
After presenting the context and specificities of the Arab region, it seems that the Arab economy is related to land. But the situation of land is complex with the situation of land tenure security, land conflicts, and land degradation. Also, the land governance issues are complicated and the land scene knows the participation of 3 actors: public, economic and social. But the real situation shows that the public actors monopolize the decision making process because they plan all actions related to land and private sector implements when the social actors are just informed. So this situation produces conflicts and contestation and failure of development projects.
It is so important to think about how we can make participation a real fact especially for social actors? The process must change by involving all actors in the process. They will mobilize certain roles and mechanisms of governance to improve this participation: concertation, negotiation and comangement and different levels of the process. Also, public actors have to mobilize the role of regulator and economic role of developer and social role of planner.