Land Scarcity, Distribution and Conflict in Rwanda | Land Portal

Resource information

Date of publication: 
January 2004
Resource Language: 
ISBN / Resource ID: 
Rwanda LAND (Research) - 59
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This chapter examines the relationship between land scarcity and conflict in Rwanda. Historically, land pressure has been a severe problem in Rwanda, where over 90% of the population practises agriculture. Land pressure has resulted in declining overall agricultural production, but increasing production for individuals and groups with favourable land and resource access. Cultivation is encroaching into wetlands, national parks and forest reserve areas to satisfy unmet demands for land by some, predominately underprivileged, groups. Large numbers of internally displaced persons have worsened stress in some ecologically sensitive areas, such as in forests, resulting in localised degradation of forest resources.

Authors and Publishers

Author(s), editor(s), contributor(s): 

Jean Bigagaza
Carolyne Abong
Cecile Mukarubuga


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The LAND Project is a five year program supported by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID). Its primary goal is strengthening the resilience of Rwandan citizens, communities and institutions and their ability to adapt to land-related economic, environmental and social changes.

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