Rwanda is a small country and landlocked. It covers an area of 26,338 km². In Rwanda, land is an important issue due to two different characteristics: first is that Rwanda is one of the most densely populated countries in the world (416 people per km2 – (NISR, 2012). Being an agricultural country, where over 85% of its working class citizens depend on agriculture, adds more pressure on land as the sole economic capital to the rural peasants.
01 September 2015
By: Jeff Tyson
Land is a valuable commodity in Rwanda — a country with one of the highest population densities in Africa. Still, Rwanda is known for its progressive land policies that provide the foundation for equal land rights for men and women. For instance, both men and women can inherit shares of their parents’ property. And a woman married under the country’s community property regime is allowed to administer her family’s land when her husband dies.
Land Portal Foundation Rwanda Country Portfolio provides comprehensive understanding of post-conflict land governance
With tumultuous colonial occupation, civil war and genocide that led to the death of an estimated 500,000 to 1,000,000 Tutsis in 1994, Rwandans historically endured massive displacements and human rights abuse. Thus, in the 21st century, the rectification of Rwanda’s previously untenable land governance system has become a major priority.
its4land is an EU-financed project to assist Kenya, Rwanda and Ethiopia in mapping land tenure more quickly, cheaply and transparently. It will end in three years’ time; right now, the Africans and Europeans are in the phase of needs assessment. The focus is not on technical requirements, but on operational priorities and managerial context. The first results indicate that low-cost geospatial technologies will be helpful, not least because they also benefit priorities other than improving cadastral services.