E-INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS | Land Portal | Securing Land Rights Through Open Data
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E-International Relations (E-IR) is the world’s leading open access website for students and scholars of international politics, featuring high quality scholarly content and student-facing resources. The website was established in November 2007, and is recommended by leading academics and practitioners from around the world. We reach over 3.5 million unique readers per year. In addition to maintaining the website, we produce a range of open access books.


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Journal Articles & Books
July 2008

Africa has half of the world’s 25 million internally displaced persons (IDPs). These IDPs are citizens displaced by development projects, natural disasters or violence. Violence, linked to civil war or repression, is the predominant cause of displacement.

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