The Flemish Interuniversity Council (Vlaamse Interuniversitaire Raad/VLIR) is a public utility foundation that was established in the 1970s. Within the VLIR, universities discuss matters that concern them all. They jointly formulate policy advice to the ministers responsible for education and research, and improve their internal effect through cooperation. Consultation themes include education policy, research policy, university management in the areas of finance and personnel, social services for students, diversity and equal opportunities. The VLIR manages the federal funds for university development cooperation at the Flemish universities. The VLIR secretariat for university development cooperation (VLIR-UOS) was established for this purpose.