Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences | Land Portal
Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences logo
Acronym: 
IGSNRR
Phone number: 
+86-10-6488-9276, 6485-4841

Location

11A, Datun Road Chaoyang District
100101 Beijing
China
CN
Working languages: 
Chinese
English

The Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research (IGSNRR) was established in 1999 through the merger of the former Institute of Geography (IOG), founded in 1940, and the former Commission for the Integrated Survey of Natural Resources (CISNAR), founded in 1956.

In the past half century, IGSNRR and its predecessors have led the way in geographical research in China, making major research contributions in the rational use of natural resources; ecological and environmental protection; comprehensive land consolidation; sustainable regional development; and resource and environmental information systems.

Much of the work conducted by these institutes has had a very great national impact and has received national awards. Examples include research on the spatial differentiation of China’s natural environment; research on the comprehensive management and exploitation of land in medium- and low-yield fields in the Huang-Huai-Hai Plain; study of the uplift of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau and its effects on the natural environment and human activity; compilation of the National Physical Atlas of China; theoretical and applied research on regional development patterns; and establishment of the Chinese Ecosystem Research Network (CERN), etc. Since 1978, IGSNRR and its predecessors have won 248 national and provincial-level science and technology awards, of which 43 were national awards.

Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences Resources

Displaying 1 - 10 of 12
Library Resource
Journal Articles & Books
December, 2017
China, Eastern Asia, Asia

China has a rich resource of native sheep (Ovis aries) breeds associated with historical movements of several nomadic societies. However, the history of sheep and the associated nomadic societies in ancient China remains poorly understood. Here, we studied the genomic diversity of Chinese sheep using genome-wide SNPs, mitochondrial and Y-chromosomal variations in > 1,000 modern samples.

Library Resource
Journal Articles & Books
December, 2016
China

Understanding the temperature and moisture sensitivity of soil organic matter (SOM) mineralization variations with changes in land cover is critical for assessing soil carbon (C) storage under global change scenarios. We determined the differences in the amount of SOM mineralization and the temperature and moisture sensitivity of soils collected from six land-cover types, including an orchard, a cropland, and four forests, in subtropical southeastern China.

Library Resource
Journal Articles & Books
December, 2016

Successful biological monitoring depends on judicious classification. An attempt has been made to provide an overview of important characteristics of marsh wetland. Classification was used to describe ecosystems and land cover patterns. Different spatial resolution images show different landscape characteristics. Several classification images were used to map and monitor wetland ecosystems of Honghe National Nature Reserve (HNNR) at a plant community scale. HNNR is a typical inland wetland and fresh water ecosystem in the North Temperate Zone.

Library Resource
Journal Articles & Books
December, 2016
Russia, China, Mongolia, Asia

Northeast Asia is an area with relative concentrations of resources, a complex ecological environment pattern, and a marked human—land contrast relationship. This area has significance for analyzing land cover patterns and variations for regional sustainable development among the trans-boundary areas of China, Russia, and Mongolia. In this paper, the transect analysis research tool and transfer matrix method are used to capture the regional land cover change characteristics by using Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer(MODIS) datasets recorded from 2001 to 2012.

Library Resource
Journal Articles & Books
December, 2016

As a prerequisite for groundwater protection and contamination control, evaluation of groundwater contamination risk was the extension of groundwater vulnerability assessment. Based on disaster theory and using shallow groundwater of the lower reaches of Liaohe River Plain as the study area, we built an evaluation index system and a contamination index model for groundwater contamination risks from the perspectives of intrinsic vulnerability, external stresses, and functional value.

Library Resource
Journal Articles & Books
December, 2016
China

Farmland resources in mountainous areas are important for regional food security and ecological security. Studies concerning changes in farmland use in mountainous areas are of considerable significance in China. Here, we analyzed marginalization characteristics of farmland in Renhuai city from 2005 to 2011 and driving factors using land information systems, surveys of farmer households and statistical data. Our results indicate that from 2005 to 2011, 3095.76 hm² of farmland was converted to forest land and natural reserve, accounting for 5.45% of the total farmland area.

Library Resource
Journal Articles & Books
December, 2015
China

Qinglong County in Guizhou, China is a typical karst canyon area. Using quadrat methods and a land use transfer matrix we studied the carbon storage spatial distribution pattern and evolution process over three independent periods (1988, 1999 and 2009) in this area. Based on the results we estimated the carbon pool capacity of the entire karst canyon area in Guizhou and contribution ratios. Carbon storage and average carbon density of the karst area in Qinglong decreased at first, and then increased over the sampling period.

Library Resource
Journal Articles & Books
December, 2015

Qingdao is one of the essential growth poles in the process of new-type urbanization in Shandong Province. The study on the relationship between urban expansion and driving factors in this area is representative. This paper examined urban expansion from the perspective of non-urban to urban conversion, detailing an empirical investigation into the spatiotemporal variations and impact factors of urban expansion in Qingdao.

Library Resource
Journal Articles & Books
December, 2013

Land use change and landscape patterns have a large effect on land productivity and ecosystem biodiversity. Based on geographical information system technology and remote sensing data related to land use and land cover of Jiangsu and Zhejiang provinces and Shanghai (Jiang-Zhe-Hu area), we analyzed patterns of landscape change and predicted land use dynamics using the CA-MARKOV model. We also analyzed the conversion rate and area among landscape classes using the CA-Markov model.

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