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Map of Chile


In the last two years, Chile’s history has been marked by the debate to reform its national Constitution. Land rights, environmental protection and water management were key topics on the agenda. One of the most significant aspects of this process was the participation of indigenous peoples in the Constitutional Convention, which was presided by an indigenous woman, Elisa Loncón. But the constitutional proposal was rejected in a referendum in September 2022. The prospects for land rights reform in the near future are minimal.  
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Land Area
74,353,200 ha
25,449.1 USD

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Colla Indigenous leader criminalized for resisting Canadian mining projects in Chile

16 December 2019

Ercilia Araya is the President of  Pai-Ote, a Colla Indigenous community of 60 people in the Atacama Region of Northern Chile.  Since 2014, Ercilia has been criminalized and harassed for defending her community’s land rights against mining projects, and denouncing the pollution of sacred water…

How demand for avocado is causing Chile’s water to run out

19 November 2019

Increasing demand for avocados is generating unprecedented consequences in certain parts of the world, such as intense water scarcity in Chile's Petorca region.   Avocados are one of today’s trending superfoods. The fruit has a variety of beneficial properties including richness in…

Mapuche Indigenous people in Chile take down symbols of Spanish colonization

7 November 2019

Chileans have been taking to the streets around the country to protest economic inequality and a democratic system set up after the dictatorship of Augusto Pinochet that many say is not responding to people's needs. Indigenous Mapuche protesting in Temuco, a city 420 miles south of the capital…



In some cases, the demands of investment projects create inequality in the distribution of local resources. This is the case in the Atacama Desert, where mining companies are working to extract lithium. Chile has one of the world’s largest lithium reserves and for its extraction it is necessary to use water. 

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Indigenous Rights in Evo's Bolivia Versus Bachelet's Chile

26 December 2017

The legal rights afforded to Indigenous communities in Bolivia and Chile differ greatly. Val Reynoso investigates.  Bolivia and Chile differ significantly in the ways their governments address issues pertaining to Indigenous peoples. These differences are caused by the neoliberal economic system…

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World Bank Climate Report Launch Webinar: Strengthening Land Tenure of Indigenous People and Local Communities in FCPF Countries

-This Event has ended -   Tuesday, November 23rd, 2021 8:30 AM – 10:00 AM (Eastern Time) Online via Zoom This session will be interpreted in French and Spanish. Description: Strengthening Indigenous Land Tenure: A Critical Pillar of Climate Action   A prominent outcome of this year’s UN Climate…