Indonesian development policies have for the past several decades focused on rapid economic growth, without a targeted strategy to benefit the least powerful groups, such as landless and land-poor agricultural laborers in the densely populated agricultural districts and the equally poor forest-dwelling communities in the less populated islands.
Forested landscapes worldwide are increasingly integrated in global processes of trade, market development, resource exploitation and climate change. Site-based or community level approaches can no longer cope with these issues which exceed the local sphere of influence. Although landscapes are usually considered to be appropriate levels to negotiate land use options, they are rarely recognised as units of political- administrative decision making, hence do not have any formal place in decentralised structures of states.
The Yogyakarta Indonesian Ombudsman (ORI Yogyakarta) says a 1975 Yogyakarta deputy gubernatorial instruction cannot be used as a legal basis for the State Land Agency (BPN) to reject the registration of land ownership status transfers requested by Chinese-Indonesians.
“This is in line with a Supreme Court ruling issued in 2015 that declared the instruction invalid,” said Budhi Masthuri of ORI Yogyakarta on Monday.