Lost forests: an aerial photograph shows land cleared for a palm oil plantation in West Kalimantan, Indonesia. Photo: Romeo Gacad

Indonesian development policies have for the past several decades focused on rapid economic growth, without a targeted strategy to benefit the least powerful groups, such as landless and land-poor agricultural laborers in the densely populated agricultural districts and the equally poor forest-dwelling communities in the less populated islands.

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Total population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country

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Forested landscapes worldwide are increasingly integrated in global processes of trade, market development, resource exploitation and climate change. Site-based or community level approaches can no longer cope with these issues which exceed the local sphere of influence. Although landscapes are usually considered to be appropriate levels to negotiate land use options, they are rarely recognised as units of political- administrative decision making, hence do not have any formal place in decentralised structures of states.

20 February 2018

The Yogyakarta Indonesian Ombudsman (ORI Yogyakarta) says a 1975 Yogyakarta deputy gubernatorial instruction cannot be used as a legal basis for the State Land Agency (BPN) to reject the registration of land ownership status transfers requested by Chinese-Indonesians. 

“This is in line with a Supreme Court ruling issued in 2015 that declared the instruction invalid,” said Budhi Masthuri of ORI Yogyakarta on Monday.  





Intergovernmental or Multilateral organization

The Centre on Integrated Rural Development for Asia and the Pacific (CIRDAP) is a regional, intergovernmental and autonomous organisation. It was established on 6 July 1979 at the initiative of the countries of the Asia-Pacific region and the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations with support from several other UN bodies and donors. The Centre came into being to meet the felt needs of the developing countries at that time as an institution for promoting integrated rural development in the region.


Non-profit organization

CPI’s mission is to help nations grow while addressing increasingly scarce resources and climate risk. This is a complex challenge in which policy plays a crucial role.

Indonesian Government Seal
Governmental institution

The Dutch began to colonize Indonesia in the early 17th century; Japan occupied the islands from 1942 to 1945. Indonesia declared its independence shortly before Japan's surrender, but it required four years of sometimes brutal fighting, intermittent negotiations, and UN mediation before the Netherlands agreed to transfer sovereignty in 1949.

Governmental institution

Ministry of Forestry is a department under the Government of Indonesia that is responsible for plantation and forestry matters, especially in three aspects of synergy, namely the protection, preservation, and utilization. MoF is headed by a Minister of Forestry (Minister of Forestry). This Department is implementing elements of the government, led by the Minister under and responsible to the President.

Land Governance Multi-stakeholder Dialogue

The Dutch Land Governance Multi-Stakeholder Dialogue (LG MSD) is a dialogue jointly organized by the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs, companies, financial institutions, civil society organizations and knowledge institutes. Its organizing committee consists of representatives from Oxfam, Both ENDS, FMO, Actiam, APG, Utrecht University and the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs.


Land Watch Asia (LWA) is a regional campaign to ensure that access to land, agrarian reform, and sustainable development for the rural poor are addressed in national and regional development agenda. The campaign involves civil society organizations in seven countries – Bangladesh, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Nepal, Pakistan, and the Philippines.

Intergovernmental or Multilateral organization


Sawit Watch was established in 1998, investigating the large Indonesian forest and land fires in 1997/1998. It has 143 individual members and works in 17 provinces.


Sawit Watch envisages social changes for smallholder farmers, labourers and indigenous peoples towards ecological justices.

Private sector

TMP Systems is a boutique consultancy based in the United Kingdom, with staff in the United States and the Philippines. Our work spans asset management, commercial investment systems design in carbon, energy and land use and environmental, social and governance diligence.

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University or Research Institution

Diponegoro University (IndonesianUniversitas Diponegoro, abbreviated as Undip) is a public university in Semarang, Central Java, Indonesia. Founded in 1957 as a private university by the Semarang University Foundation, it is a pioneer of higher learning institutions in Indonesia and the first and oldest education corporation in Central Java. It is a member of IDGHE (the so-called Ivy League colleges) in Indonesia.


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University or Research Institution

Unila has determined to build both Unila and the Nation all together. With this determination, in the Long Term Development Plan (RPJP) Unila 2005-2025 Unila has defined its vision:

Unila aspires to be among the Top Ten University in Indonesia by 2025”

In line with the mission of National Education Development and the policy of the Ministry of Education and Culture, Unila has set its missions in RPJP years 2005-2025, as follows:

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