Zambia has a bifurcated land tenure system which results from a legacy of colonial land administration. Under the British governor in 1928, Zambian land was divided into crown land and reserve native land. Later in 1947 the Native Trust Order was passed which gave birth to trust land. Crown land made up 6 percent of the country, while native and trust land both totalled up to 94 percent. After independence, crown land was converted to state land. Reserve native and trust land remained as such until the 1995 Land Act at which point these tenure types began being labeled as "customary" land. The Land Acquisition Act of 1970 inspired the ‘zambianisation’ (nationalisation) program, which sealed the deal of the 1975 Land (Conversion of Titles) Act that halted freehold tenure system in Zambia. All land in Zambia has since then been vested in the President, who holds it in perpetuity on behalf of the Zambian people.

Learn more about successes and challenges and find more detailed land governance data in Zambia.

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It measures the area (1'000 Ha) covered by forest.

Measurement unit: 
1'000 Ha

Latest News

Photo Courtesy of Jeremy Green
27 November 2017
South Africa

Dynamic country portfolios combine detailed narratives with Linked Open Data to provide comprehensive overviews of land governance systems

16 November 2017

Some commercial farmers in Zambia's have acquired thousands of hectares while ignoring laws meant to prevent forced evictions, writes Juliana Nnoko-Mewanu from Human Rights Watch






PhD Student, University of Edinburgh School of Geosciences

Economic valuation of ecosystem services for improved land governance and livelihoods: case study in large scale land acquisitions in Zambia

Private sector

AZMEC is the Association of Zambian Mineral Exploration Companies.

The aims and objectives of AZMEC are to provide a discussion forum and dedicated lobby group for mineral exploration companies and mining companies carrying out exploration as well as government representatives, NGO’s, service providers, academic institutions and other interested parties in Zambia with the view to contributing to the growth, promotion, and sustainable development of the sector in this country.

University or Research Institution



SLE has provided hands-on vocational education and training for future experts and managers in the field of international development cooperation for the last fifty years. They offer postgraduate studies, training courses for international experts, and practice-oriented development research and consultancy to organizations and universities active in this field.

Commonwealth Forestry Association logo

What we do

We are reminded on a daily basis that the natural environment in which we live is vitally important for our well-being, whether it is in the form of climate change, global warming, declining fertility or dwindling natural resources.

Governmental institution


"To be a model legislature for democracy and good governance"


“Committed to effectively and efficiently carrying out its legislative, oversight, representative and budgetary functions”.

Core Values:

Accessibility – The MPs should enhance their interaction with the public both within and outside the Parliament precincts.

Effectiveness – MPs should perform their duties diligently.

Efficiency – MPs should discharge their duties in a timely and cost-effective manner.

Private sector

iDE is a global effort that spans offices in 14 countries, encompassing 4 social enterprises, employing nearly 1,000 people directly, and indirectly enabling many more through our market-based approaches in agriculture; water, sanitation, and health; and finance. 

Our beliefs are best summarized in a series of simple statements that guide our daily actions.

University or Research Institution

Established in October 2011, the Indaba Agricultural Policy Research Institute (IAPRI) is a non-profit Zambian company limited by guarantee which collaboratively works with public and private stakeholders in the agricultural sector. IAPRI is led by a local Board of Directors drawn from various state and private sector stakeholders.

Our Vision: To be the Centre of Excellence for Agricultural Policy Research and Outreach in Zambia.

Non Governmental organization

Practical Action is an international non-governmental organisation (NGO) that uses technology to challenge poverty in developing countries.

We find out what people are doing and help them to do it better. Through technology we enable poor communities to build on their skills and knowledge to produce sustainable and practical solutions- transforming their lives forever and protecting the world around them.

Data aggregator

The Southern African Legal Information Institute (SAFLII) is an online repository of legal information from South Africa that aims to promote the rule of law and judicial accountability by publishing legal material for open access in line with the objectives of the global Free Access to Law Movement.

University or Research Institution


To be a Provider of World Class Services in Higher Education and Knowledge Generation


To Provide Relevant Higher Education Through Teaching, Research and Community Service

Management Philosophy

The University will embrace a participatory management style that will motivate employees, provide a work environment that is conducive to high productivity, teamwork in which leadership is by example, provide effective communication and guidance, which will be accessible to all, and promote individual growth.

Civil Society Organization

The aim of the Wildlife Producers Association of Zambia is:

To foster the growth of the private wildlife estate and especially its national contribution to food production and security, job creation and community development, wildlife and wildlife habitat conservation and private sector development.

This aim will be achieved via 6 specific lines of business which are:

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