This indicator is the headcount of pepole affected by land conflicts in India, by the reported starting year of the conflict. Land Conflict Watch [], which is the original source of the data, define affected people as follows:

"In case of conflict over private land, people who own the land are considered to be affected. In case of common land, people who have been traditionally using that land for livelihood are considered affected".

Land conflict is defined as any situation in which public opposes change in the current use or ownership of land by government agencies or private parties. These conflicts can also be over naturally occurring land resources like forest, underground water, fish stock etc. Ongoing conflicts that have been recorded in a written or audio-visual format at any place from the level of Gram Sabha (village council) upto the national level are included in this study. These records could be news reports, gram sabha resolutions, public hearing records, memorandums submitted to authorities, police records or court documents. Land conflicts between two private parties or between a private party and the government are excluded, unless the magnitude of the conflict is such that it affects a larger public interest.

Data for land conflicts reported with an unknown starting year have been excluded when aggregating the values for the indicators available on the Land Book of the Land Portal, but complete and up-to-date records for each of the reported conflict can be accessed on the Land Conflict Watch platform [].

The methodology and caveats of the Land Conflict Watch project can be accessed at, while an interim analysis of the data (as of November 2016) can be downloaded at Please note that: the numbers partially represent the ground situation because data are still beingcollected; The number of people affected, land area, and investment figures are indicative and based on the best available estimates; In most cases, summaries of the conflicts are based on media reports.

Dataset details

Data provider: 
Land Conflict Watch

Indicator details

Measurement unit: 
Best value is: 

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