Constitution of Indonesia 1945 (reinst. 1959, rev. 2002) | Land Portal

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Date of publication: 
December 1945
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The constitution was drafted by the Committee for Examination of Indonesian Independence, but was not brought into force until 1959 under the decree of President Sukarno.

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Indonesian Government Seal

The Dutch began to colonize Indonesia in the early 17th century; Japan occupied the islands from 1942 to 1945. Indonesia declared its independence shortly before Japan's surrender, but it required four years of sometimes brutal fighting, intermittent negotiations, and UN mediation before the Netherlands agreed to transfer sovereignty in 1949.

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