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Library Seasonal Variations of Dissolved Organic Matter in Urban Rivers of Northern China

Seasonal Variations of Dissolved Organic Matter in Urban Rivers of Northern China

Seasonal Variations of Dissolved Organic Matter in Urban Rivers of Northern China

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Date of publication
December 2022
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ISBN / Resource ID

Dissolved organic matter (DOM) is ubiquitously present in aquatic environments, playing an important role in the global carbon cycle and water quality. It is necessary to reveal the potential sources and explore spatiotemporal variation of DOM in rivers, especially in urban zones impacted by human activities. It was designed to aim to explore spatiotemporal variations of DOM in urban rivers and ascertain the influencing factors. In this study, dissolved organic carbon (DOC) concentrations, UV-Vis absorption spectroscopy, and 3D fluorescence spectroscopy combined with parallel factor analysis were utilized to characterize DOM composition in urban rivers (the Jiyun, Chaobai, and Yongding rivers) in Tianjin city, northern China. The results showed that DOC (1.28 to 25.85 mg·L−1), generally, was at its highest level in spring, followed by summer, and lowest in autumn and winter, and that the absorption parameters E250:365 (condensation degree/molecular weight, 7.88), SUVA254 (aromaticity, 3.88 L mg C−1 m−1), a355 (content of chromophores, 4.34 m−1), a260 (hydrophobicity, 22.02 m−1), and SR (molecular weight, 1.08) of CDOM (chromophoric DOM) suggested that DOM is mainly composed of low-molecular-weight fulvic acid and protein-like moieties, and had the capability of participating in pollutant migrations and transformations. The results demonstrated significant seasonal differences. Generally, high DOC content was detected in rivers in urban suburbs, due to anthropogenic inputs. Three fluorescence components were identified, and the fluorescence intensity of the protein class reached the highest value, 294.47 QSU, in summer. Different types of land use have different effects on the compositions of riverine DOM; more protein-like DOM was found in sections of urban rivers. The correlation between DOC concentration and the CDOM absorption coefficient was found to be unstable due to deleterious input from industrial and agricultural wastewater and from domestic sewage from human activities. HIX and BIX elucidated that the source of CDOM in three river watersheds was influenced by both terrestrial and autochthonous sources, and the latter prevailed over the former. Geospatial data analysis indicated that CDOM in autumn was sourced from plant detritus degradation from forest land or from the urban green belt; construction land had a great influence on DOC and CDOM in riparian buffer areas. It was revealed that DOM in the watershed is highly impacted by nature and human activities through land use, soil erosion, and surface runoff/underground percolation transport; domestic sewage discharge constituted the primary source and was the greatest determiner among the impacts.

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Authors and Publishers

Author(s), editor(s), contributor(s)

Wen, YananXiao, MinChen, ZhaochuanZhang, WenxiYue, Fujun

Corporate Author(s)
Geographical focus