In Kenya, insecure land tenure and inequitable access to land, forest and water resources have contributed to conflict and violence, which has in turn exacerbated food insecurity. To address these interlinked problems, a new set of laws and policies on food security and land governance are currently being introduced or designed by the Government of Kenya. The new Food Security Bill explicitly recognizes the link between food security and land access, and the 2012 land laws target the corrupt system of land administration that made much of Kenya’s land grabbing possible. A Community Land Bill seeks to protect the customary rights of local residents and prevent people from losing their land without compensation. Kenya’s reforms are being made in the spirit of the new 2010 Constitution of Kenya, which establishes a devolved system of government called ‘County Government’. With respect to land governance, the new Constitution is being hailed as promising and progressive, as it seeks to devolve control over land and to address the historical and political roots of the country’s land problems. However, since the Constitution came into effect in 2013, the implementation process of these reforms has been fraught with problems and delays, and so, many of the land governance issues on the ground appear to remain unchanged.
Authors and Publishers
Thea Hilhorst and Nicolas Porchet
KIT aims to improve health and ensure equitable social-economic development as much as promote intercultural cooperation with our partners worldwide. As we focus on results and empowering people our research, advice, training and education are creative, context specific and evidence-based. We are an innovative organisation with more than 100 years of experience all over the world. A global host in our very own international knowledge hub in Amsterdam.
LANDac, the Netherlands Academie on Land Governance for Equitable and Sustainable Development, is a partnership between Dutch organizations working on land governance. The partners are the International Development Studies (IDS) group at Utrecht University (leading partner), African Studies Centre, Agriterra, the Sociology of Development and Change (SDC) group at Wageningen University, the Land Portal Foundation, HIVOS, the Royal Tropical Institute (KIT), the Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and Enclude Solutions.
Land Development and Governance Institute
MISSION: To contribute to improved livelihoods through offering a bridge between communities, stakeholders and policy makers in the promotion of equitable access and sustainable management of land and natural resources.