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Coat of arms of the Republic of Kazakhstan

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Kazakhstan
KZ

Ethnic Kazakhs, a mix of Turkic and Mongol nomadic tribes who migrated to the region by the 13th century, were rarely united as a single nation. The area was conquered by Russia in the 18th century, and Kazakhstan became a Soviet Republic in 1936. Soviet policies reduced the number of ethnic Kazakhs in the 1930s and enabled non-ethnic Kazakhs to outnumber natives. During the 1950s and 1960s agricultural "Virgin Lands" program, Soviet citizens were encouraged to help cultivate Kazakhstan's northern pastures. This influx of immigrants (mostly Russians, but also some other deported nationalities) further skewed the ethnic mixture. Non-Muslim ethnic minorities departed Kazakhstan in large numbers from the mid-1990s through the mid-2000s and a national program has repatriated about a million ethnic Kazakhs back to Kazakhstan. These trends have allowed Kazakhs to become the titular majority again. This dramatic demographic shift has also undermined the previous religious diversity and made the country more than 70% Muslim. Kazakhstan's economy is larger than those of all the other Central Asian states largely due to the country's vast natural resources. Current issues include: developing a cohesive national identity, expanding the development of the country's vast energy resources and exporting them to world markets, diversifying the economy, enhancing Kazakhstan's economic competitiveness, and strengthening relations with neighboring states and foreign powers.

Kazakhstan is a presidential republic.

Source: CIA World Factbook

Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan Resources

Displaying 61 - 70 of 70
Regulations
Kazakhstan
Russia
Central Asia

This Ministerial Decree establishes that urban land use planning shall be carried out in accordance with land zoning schemes. Agricultural land of the suburban areas shall be used for agricultural purposes. Expropriation of agricultural land shall be carried out in exceptional cases by the local executive bodies. Green belt areas shall be classifies as forest land.

Regulations
Kazakhstan
Russia
Central Asia

This Ministerial Decree shall be applicable to land auctions regarding sale of the plots of public land or the lease right thereto and regarding the plots of non-allotted public land.

Regulations
Kazakhstan
Russia
Central Asia

This Ministerial Decree establishes the regulations on conservation of degraded agricultural land and land infected with pests and plant diseases with a view of soil rehabilitation. It shall not be applicable to disturbed land allotted for mining and mineral extraction.

Regulations
Kazakhstan
Russia
Central Asia

This Ministerial Decree establishes the modalities of keeping the state land cadastre, land registration and granting access to information thereof. The purpose of keeping the state land cadastre shall be to provide the state institutions, natural and legal persons with general information on land and on particular plots of land.

Regulations
Kazakhstan
Russia
Central Asia

This Ministerial Decree establishes the structure and rules and regulations as regards land monitoring and the use of data related thereto. Land monitoring shall include survey, mapping and land valuation.

Regulations
Kazakhstan
Russia
Central Asia

The Ministerial Decree establishes that classification of land as protected area shall be the competence of the Government. Land use planning project with a view of land classification as protected area at the local level shall be submitted for approval to the territorial environmental, agricultural and land institutions.

Regulations
Kazakhstan
Russia
Central Asia

This Ministerial Decree establishes basic prices for the plots of land for the concession thereof into private ownership (Annexes 1 and 2) and basic land charges for the plots of public land conceded on lease that must be equal to land tax. Annual rent rate shall be calculated as 100-120% of the basic land lease rate.

Regulations
Kazakhstan
Russia
Central Asia

The Premier decrees to validate the following forms of land certificates: (a) private land ownership certificate; (b) permanent land use certificate; (c) temporary charged (long-term, short-term) land use (lease); (d) temporary free-of-charge land use.

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