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Sri Lanka
LK

The first Sinhalese arrived in Sri Lanka late in the 6th century B.C., probably from northern India. Buddhism was introduced circa 250 B.C., and a great civilization developed at the cities of Anuradhapura (kingdom from circa 200 B.C. to circa A.D. 1000) and Polonnaruwa (from about 1070 to 1200). In the 14th century, a south Indian dynasty established a Tamil kingdom in northern Sri Lanka. The Portuguese controlled the coastal areas of the island in the 16th century and the Dutch in the 17th century. The island was ceded to the British in 1796, became a crown colony in 1802, and was formally united under British rule by 1815. As Ceylon, it became independent in 1948; its name was changed to Sri Lanka in 1972. Tensions between the Sinhalese majority and Tamil separatists erupted into war in 1983. After two decades of fighting, the government and Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) formalized a cease-fire in February 2002 with Norway brokering peace negotiations. Violence between the LTTE and government forces intensified in 2006, but the government regained control of the Eastern Province in 2007 and by May 2009, the remnants of the LTTE had been defeated. Since the end of the conflict, the government has enacted an ambitious program of economic development projects, many of which are financed by loans from the Government of China. In addition to efforts at reconstructing its economy, the government has resettled more than 95% of those civilians displaced during the final phase of the conflict and released the vast majority of former LTTE combatants captured by Government Security Forces. At the same time, there has been little progress on more contentious and politically difficult issues such as reaching a political settlement with Tamil elected representatives and holding accountable those alleged to have been involved in human rights violations and other abuses during the conflict.

Sri Lanka is a presidential republic.

Source: CIA World Factbook

Government of Sri Lanka Resources

Displaying 11 - 20 of 26
Library Resource
Legislation
March, 1950
Sri Lanka

An Act to make Provision for the Acquisition of Lands and Servitudes for Public Purposes and to provide for matters connected with or incidental to such provision

Project
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The programme intended to improve the incomes and the living conditions of poor women and poor men among 80,000 households in the dry provinces Ha Tinh and Quang Binh by giving support to rain-fed upland agricultural and livestock development through farmer field schools; small-scale irrigation rehabilitation; marketing and enterprise development; microfinance and income-generating activities; community infrastructure development and programme management.

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The project aims to increase resilience and strengthen the natural resource and economic asset base for poor rural women and men by helping smallholder tea producers increase their yields through replantation and therefore providing a source of income through new rubber plantations. The programme works with 35,000 existing tea smallholders and 15, 000 poor households involved in rubber production and processing.

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Implementing organizations: 
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The programme aims to improve the livelihoods of 8,700 marginalized smallholder tea producers households of Hadabima and Mahaweli resettlements in the intermediate zone of Moneragala willing to take up rubber. It intends to improve the productivity of the old tea plantation lands and new rubber-based cultivations by improving access rights to the land under out-grower schemes, and by supporting diversification and development of out-grower systems for tea and rubber.

Library Resource
Regulations
Sri Lanka, Asia, Southern Asia

These Regulations establish administrative procedures, in particular: tax and levy to be paid where the holding is 10 Acres or less in extent or over 10 Acres in extent. They provide for: (a) nomination tendered after prescribed period; (b) cancellation of a nomination; (c) second or any subsequent nomination; (d) cancellation and a second or subsequent nomination.

Amends: Land Development Ordinance 1935 (No. 19 of 1935). (1973)

Library Resource
Regulations
Sri Lanka, Asia, Southern Asia

These Regulations establish the basis for assessing the market value of any land or the compensation for any injurious affection caused by the acquisition of land. Market Value should be assessed as follows: in case part of a land is acquired and when its value as a separate entity deems to realize a value proportionately lower than the Market Value of the main land the compensation should be proportionate to the value of the main land.

Library Resource
Sri Lanka, Asia, Southern Asia

By virtue of the powers vested by Section 51 of the Agrarian Development Act No. 46 of 2000, I, M. A. S. Weerasinghe, Commissioner General of Agrarain Development determine that the area of the Authority of Agrarian Service Committee 9/4 Ambalanthota in the Ambalanthota Divisional Secretary's Division and Agrarian Service Committee 9/15 Meegahajandura in the Suriyawewa Divisional Secretary's Division in the Electorate Thissamaharama in Hambanthota District published in the Gazette (Extraordinary) No.

Library Resource
Regulations
Sri Lanka, Asia, Southern Asia

This Order, by virtue of the powers vested in Section 2 of the Urban Development Projects (Special Provisions) Act, No. 2 of 1980 establishes that the land specified in the schedule urgently requires an Urban Development Project. One allotment of land depicted as Lot No. A in Plan No. 748 dated 31.08.2003 prepared by A J B Wijayakoon, Licensed Surveyor and Leveller containing in extent of 0A – 3R – 5.25P situated at Aluthkade in Ward No.

Library Resource
Regulations
Sri Lanka, Asia, Southern Asia

This Order, by virtue of the powers vested in Section 2 of the Urban Development Projects (Special Provisions) Act, No. 2 of 1980. I, Mahinda Rajapaksa, President of Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka and the Minister-in-charge of Defence and Urban Development, establish that the land specified in the schedule urgently requires an Urban Development Project. The Land bearing Asst. Nos. 106 & 106A and depicted as Lot No. 2 in Plan No. 2775 dated 27.01.2006 prepared by D. D. C.

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