This Ministerial Decree, with a view of conservation of unique ecosystems and biosphere reserves, and organization of national and international recreational tourism, establishes to set up state national parks “Kara-Shoro” and “Besh-Tash” and transfer thereto forested land, shrubbery, pastures out of the stock of public land. This Ministerial Decree contains complete mapping and description of the boundaries of both national parks.
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A Central Asian country of incredible natural beauty and proud nomadic traditions, most of the territory of present-day Kyrgyzstan was formally annexed to the Russian Empire in 1876. The Kyrgyz staged a major revolt against the Tsarist Empire in 1916 in which almost one-sixth of the Kyrgyz population was killed. Kyrgyzstan became a Soviet republic in 1936 and achieved independence in 1991 when the USSR dissolved. Nationwide demonstrations in the spring of 2005 resulted in the ouster of President Askar AKAEV, who had run the country since 1990.
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