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The UK annexed Southern Rhodesia from the former British South Africa Company in 1923. A 1961 constitution was formulated that favored whites in power. In 1965 the government unilaterally declared its independence, but the UK did not recognize the act and demanded more complete voting rights for the black African majority in the country (then called Rhodesia). UN sanctions and a guerrilla uprising finally led to free elections in 1979 and independence (as Zimbabwe) in 1980. Robert MUGABE, the nation's first prime minister, has been the country's only ruler (as president since 1987) and has dominated the country's political system since independence. His chaotic land redistribution campaign, which began in 1997 and intensified after 2000, caused an exodus of white farmers, crippled the economy, and ushered in widespread shortages of basic commodities. Ignoring international condemnation, MUGABE rigged the 2002 presidential election to ensure his reelection.

In April 2005, the capital city of Harare embarked on Operation Restore Order, ostensibly an urban rationalization program, which resulted in the destruction of the homes or businesses of 700,000 mostly poor supporters of the opposition. MUGABE in June 2007 instituted price controls on all basic commodities causing panic buying and leaving store shelves empty for months. General elections held in March 2008 contained irregularities but still amounted to a censure of the ZANU-PF-led government with the opposition winning a majority of seats in parliament. Movement for Democratic Change - Tsvangirai opposition leader Morgan TSVANGIRAI won the most votes in the presidential poll, but not enough to win outright. In the lead up to a run-off election in June 2008, considerable violence against opposition party members led to the withdrawal of TSVANGIRAI from the ballot. Extensive evidence of violence and intimidation resulted in international condemnation of the process. Difficult negotiations over a power-sharing "government of national unity," in which MUGABE remained president and TSVANGIRAI became prime minister, were finally settled in February 2009, although the leaders failed to agree upon many key outstanding governmental issues. MUGABE was reelected president in June 2013 in balloting that was severely flawed and internationally condemned. As a prerequisite to holding the election, Zimbabwe enacted a new constitution by referendum, although many provisions in the new constitution have yet to be codified in law.

Zimbabwe is semi-presidential republic.

Source: CIA World Factbook

Government of Zimbabwe Resources

Displaying 21 - 30 of 64
Legislation
January 1940
Zimbabwe

This Act stipulates that the whole of the Fingo Location shall re-vest in the Governor on 1st August 1940 and shall be deemed to be surrendered to the Governor, and every right, title or interest in any such original holding shall be extinguished (sect. 3).

Legislation
Zimbabwe
Africa
Eastern Africa

This Act concerns Communal land. Communal land shall consist of land which, immediately before the 1st of February, 1983, was Tribal Trust Land in terms of the Tribal Trust Act, 1979 (Act No. 6 of 1979), subject to any additions thereto or substractions therefrom made in terms of section 6 of this Act (sect. 3).

Legislation
Zimbabwe
Africa
Eastern Africa

This Act makes provision with respect to Rural District Councils. The Act also concerns the declaration of districts by the President and classification of lands in Districts by the Minister for purposes of this Act.The Act makes provision for functions, powers, proceedings and organization of Rural District Councils.

Legislation
Zimbabwe
Africa
Eastern Africa

This Act provides with respect to the registration and functioning of Estate Administrators and for this purpose establishes the Council of Estate Administrators and the Estate Administrators Compensation Fund.The Council is established as a body corporate and shall, among other things, regulate and control the practice of Estate Administrators, maintain the Register of Estate Administrators an

Legislation
Zimbabwe
Africa
Eastern Africa

This Act establishes the Urban Development Corporation, defines its functions and powers and provides with respect to organization and financing of the Corporation.The operations of the Corporation shall be controlled by the Urban Development Board.

Legislation
Zimbabwe
Africa
Eastern Africa

This Act concerns the appointment of traditional leaders and local government in Zimbabwe, in particular with regard to land and water.The Act provides for the appointment of Chiefs, Headmen and Village Heads.

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