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The UK annexed Southern Rhodesia from the former British South Africa Company in 1923. A 1961 constitution was formulated that favored whites in power. In 1965 the government unilaterally declared its independence, but the UK did not recognize the act and demanded more complete voting rights for the black African majority in the country (then called Rhodesia). UN sanctions and a guerrilla uprising finally led to free elections in 1979 and independence (as Zimbabwe) in 1980. Robert MUGABE, the nation's first prime minister, has been the country's only ruler (as president since 1987) and has dominated the country's political system since independence. His chaotic land redistribution campaign, which began in 1997 and intensified after 2000, caused an exodus of white farmers, crippled the economy, and ushered in widespread shortages of basic commodities. Ignoring international condemnation, MUGABE rigged the 2002 presidential election to ensure his reelection.

In April 2005, the capital city of Harare embarked on Operation Restore Order, ostensibly an urban rationalization program, which resulted in the destruction of the homes or businesses of 700,000 mostly poor supporters of the opposition. MUGABE in June 2007 instituted price controls on all basic commodities causing panic buying and leaving store shelves empty for months. General elections held in March 2008 contained irregularities but still amounted to a censure of the ZANU-PF-led government with the opposition winning a majority of seats in parliament. Movement for Democratic Change - Tsvangirai opposition leader Morgan TSVANGIRAI won the most votes in the presidential poll, but not enough to win outright. In the lead up to a run-off election in June 2008, considerable violence against opposition party members led to the withdrawal of TSVANGIRAI from the ballot. Extensive evidence of violence and intimidation resulted in international condemnation of the process. Difficult negotiations over a power-sharing "government of national unity," in which MUGABE remained president and TSVANGIRAI became prime minister, were finally settled in February 2009, although the leaders failed to agree upon many key outstanding governmental issues. MUGABE was reelected president in June 2013 in balloting that was severely flawed and internationally condemned. As a prerequisite to holding the election, Zimbabwe enacted a new constitution by referendum, although many provisions in the new constitution have yet to be codified in law.

Zimbabwe is semi-presidential republic.

Source: CIA World Factbook

Government of Zimbabwe Resources

Displaying 51 - 60 of 64
Legislation
Zimbabwe
Africa
Eastern Africa

This Act makes provision with respect to prevention of discrimination in relation with sale, lease or disposal of immovable property and the financing of any such sale, lease or disposal. The Act defines offences and defences in any criminal proceedings for an offence in terms of this Act.

Legislation
Zimbabwe
Africa
Eastern Africa

This Act establishes of the Administrative Court, defines its jurisdiction and provides with respect to legal proceedings at the Court and related matters. The Court shall have such jurisdiction, powers and authority as may be conferred upon it by this Act or any other enactment.

Legislation
Zimbabwe
Africa
Eastern Africa

This Act imposes an estate duty upon the estates of deceased persons.

Legislation
Zimbabwe
Africa
Eastern Africa

This Act concerns the administration and other aspects of estates subject to intestate succession. The Act deals with aspects of succession such as entitlements of heirs, (agreements on) division of property and sale.

Legislation
Zimbabwe
Africa
Eastern Africa

This Act concerns the making, revocation and effect of wills.

Legislation
Zimbabwe
Africa
Eastern Africa

This Act concerns the ownership of so-called “inner banks”. Section 2 makes provision for the definition of boundaries in original grants of land made by the British South Africa Company. The boundary shall be the centre of the said river or stream.

Legislation
Zimbabwe
Africa
Eastern Africa

This Act concerns: (a) any written agreement or undertaking executed by a farmer whereunder the farmer: (i) purports to give to the holder (defined in section 2) any right, title or interest in or over the whole or part of any crop which has been, is being or is to be grown or produced in Zimbabwe or the proceeds thereof; and (ii) authorizes any person to pay to the holder the whole or part of

Legislation
Zimbabwe
Africa
Eastern Africa

This Act declares that a person occupying rural land who, but for this Act, would be subjected to any legal proceedings for an order for the recovery of possession, shall be a protected occupier of rural land for the period referred to in subsection four, if: (a) that person was occupying the land on the fixed date and is still occupying the land at the date of commencement of this Act; and (b)

Legislation
Zimbabwe
Africa
Eastern Africa

This Act shall not apply to rights and obligations governed by customary law of any person other than the State. This Act shall bind the State (sect. 3).

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