Tanzania | Land Portal
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Villagers in Kinywang’anga celebrate the completion of land registration efforts in their community. USAID

Land has played a critical role in Tanzania’s development. Current land tenure frameworks, issues and conflicts in the country have historical roots dating back to the pre-colonial period. The periods of German and British rule were also formative in establishing current land sector rules and challenges, as has been the post-independence period. During the pre-colonial period, all land was owned communally and all members of the community had equal access. When the Tanganyika was under German Colonial rule (1891-1919), there were three types of land tenure: freehold titles created out of conveyance, leasehold granted by the emperor and customary tenure for natives. When the British took over (1919-1961), they recognized existing German laws and put in place new land laws such as the Land Ordinance of 1923. After independence, freehold titles were converted into government leases and later rights of occupancy.

Learn more about successes and challenges and find more detailed land governance data in Tanzania.

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“Now that we own our land we can protect it.”
6 January 2020
Tanzania

The Hadzabe people of northern Tanzania are one of the world’s oldest communities. Living at the base of the Rift Valley, believed to be the origin of human species, the Hadzabe live as they always have.

maasai tanzania eviction
28 August 2017
Tanzania

ROME, Aug 28 2017 (IPS) - Indigenous Maasai people in Loliondo region,Tanzania have been facing new cases of forced evictions and human rights violations, a major international organisation supporting indigenous peoples’ struggle for human rights and self-determination warned.

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TGNP was formed in 1993 as an activist non-profit organization, and in 2012 was registered as TGNP Mtandao Limited.  TGNP emerged through a collective process of critical reflection by leaders of key women’s and gender organisations about the situation of women who are the most exploited and oppressed people within the exploited laboring classes.

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The Pastoralists Indigenous Non Governmental Organizations Forum (PINGO's FORUM) is an advocacy coalition of indigenous peoples organizations who are currently 53, working in Tanzania for the rights of the marginalized indigenous pastoralists and Hunter-gatherers communities. It was established in 1994 by six pastoralists and hunter gatherers organizations in their struggle for land right and development agenda

OUR MISSION

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The Southern Agricultural Growth Corridor of Tanzania (SAGCOT) is an agricultural partnership designed to improve agricultural productivity, food security and livelihoods in Tanzania. It was initiated at the World Economic Forum Africa summit in May 2010, following which the SAGCOT Investment Blueprint was launched nationally by Prime Minister Pinda in Dar es Salaam and internationally by H.E. President Kikwete at the 2011 World Economic Forum in Davos.

Le Centre regroupe les chercheurs de l’Institut de politique et de gestion du développement (IOB) qui orientent tout ou une grande partie de leur recherche sur la région des grands lacs. Le Centre privilégie l’étude de développements contemporains dans les domaines politique, économique et social. Il publie chaque année un Annuaire.  La documentation extensive du Centre est incorporée dans la bibliothèque de l’IOB.

Shortly after achieving independence from Britain in the early 1960s, Tanganyika and Zanzibar merged to form the United Republic of Tanzania in 1964. One-party rule ended in 1995 with the first democratic elections held in the country since the 1970s. Zanzibar's semi-autonomous status and popular opposition led to two contentious elections since 1995, which the ruling party won despite international observers' claims of voting irregularities. The formation of a government of national unity between Zanzibar's two leading parties succeeded in minimizing electoral tension in 2010.

Our Vision

To become a platform for academic professionals to share ideas, country experiences, plans and ways to improve land administration training/education in Eastern Africa, among other land related issues of regional concern.



Our Strategy

Promoting and improving Land Administration Education/Training and Research in the Eastern Africa region through collaboration with academic partners

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GWI in East Africa is led by CARE International. By working in Ethiopia, Tanzania and Uganda – and more widely across East Africa – GWI in East Africa focuses on developing evidence that highlights solutions to the challenges of water management and use in smallholder agriculture.

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Mr. Godfrey Massay is an independent consultant and expert in land issues in Tanzania.

Ilovo Sugar Africa

The group is Africa’s biggest sugar producer and has extensive agricultural and manufacturing operations in six African countries. The group produces raw and refined sugar for local, regional African, European Union (EU), United States of America (USA) and world markets from sugar cane supplied by its own agricultural operations and independent outgrowers who supply cane to Illovo’s factories. High-value products manufactured downstream of the sugar production process are sold internationally into niche markets.

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Mission & Vision: 

To promote the livelihoods of Indigenous pastoralists through preservation of their cultural values, utilization of locally available resources and informed participation with consent for their development. To have Indigenous pastoralist community attain sustainable development and have its culture recognized, respected and preserved

Southern African Development Community logo

The Southern African Development Community (SADC) was established as a development coordinating conference (SADCC) in 1980 and transformed into a development community in 1992. It is an inter-governmental organisation whose goal is to promote sustainable and equitable economic growth and socio-economic development through efficient productive systems, deeper co-operation and integration, good governance and durable peace and security among fifteen Southern African Member States.

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The Economic and Social Research Foundation was established in 1994 as an independent, not-for-profit institution for research and policy analysis.

The formation of ESRF was based on the assumption that there was need and demand for an improved understanding of policy options and development management issues, and that the capacity for this was lacking in the Tanzania civil service.

ESRF addressed this gap by putting into place qualified Professional Staff, modest resources and a favourable research environment for the analysis and discussion of economic and social policy.

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