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Tanzania

Land has played a critical role in Tanzania’s development. Current land tenure frameworks, issues and conflicts in the country have historical roots dating back to the pre-colonial period. The periods of German and British rule were also formative in establishing current land sector rules and challenges, as has been the post-independence period. During the pre-colonial period, all land was owned communally and all members of the community had equal access. When the Tanganyika was under German Colonial rule (1891-1919), there were three types of land tenure: freehold titles created out of conveyance, leasehold granted by the emperor and customary tenure for natives. When the British took over (1919-1961), they recognized existing German laws and put in place new land laws such as the Land Ordinance of 1923. After independence, freehold titles were converted into government leases and later rights of occupancy.

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Ambitious $104 million program targets land degradation in Africa and Central Asian countries

16 June 2021

Main photo: Farmers at a FAO anti-desertification project in Burkina Faso, one of 11 countries targeted by the Global Environment Fund Initiative The global launch of a $104 million initiative signals an ambitious effort by a range of partners to safeguard drylands in the context of climate change,…

Why it’s time we woke up and listened to the ocean

Why it’s time we woke up and listened to the ocean

8 June 2021

The importance of protecting biodiversity is not lost on Tanzanians. Our country is well known for its incredible beauty and diverse ecosystems: home to an incredible 24 percent of the world’s biodiversity hotspots. Perhaps most notable is Serengeti National Park, a shining example of the…

Samia revokes title deeds for 11 farms

Samia revokes title deeds for 11 farms

8 June 2021

PRESIDENT Samia Suluhu Hassan has revoked title deeds in respect of 11 farms with a total of 24,119 acres in Kilosa District, Morogoro Region which would be allocated to the people to be used for various activities including farming and livestock keeping The president has also endorsed the revival…

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To secure equal rights to land, bring men and women together

To secure equal rights to land, bring men and women together

13 July 2021

There is an underlying tension in the land rights movement that is rarely addressed head on, which is the perception that securing women’s land rights threatens community land rights. Community land rights are typically held by indigenous people, small-scale and subsistence farmers, pastoralists,…

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Women and Community Land Rights: Investing in Local Champions

Women and Community Land Rights: Investing in Local Champions

  Women’s Land Tenure Security (WOLTS) is a practical action-research project on gender and land, led by development consultants Mokoro. For more than five years WOLTS has collaborated with local partners People Centered Conservation (PCC) in Mongolia and HakiMadini in Tanzania, investigating…