Agriculture is a major contributor to climate change,
emitting the three major greenhouse gases (GHGs) –
carbon dioxide (CO2), methane and nitrous oxide – into the
atmosphere. According to the Fifth Assessment Report of
the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC),
the Agriculture, Forestry and Other Land Use sector “is
responsible for just under a quarter (~10–12 Gt CO2eq/yr) of
[all] anthropogenic GHG emissions mainly from deforestation
and agricultural emissions from livestock, soil and nutrient
management”. Land use change – often associated with
deforestation – contributes about 11.2% to this share,
while agricultural production is responsible for 11.8%
To reduce emissions from agriculture, while providing
and maintaining global food security, there is a growing
interest to develop and promote low-emission greengrowth
pathways for future agricultural production
systems. Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) faces two concerns
in that respect: a) agriculture is the major emitter
of GHGs on this sub-continent, and b) agriculture is
largely underperforming. To feed a growing population,
productivity and total production need to increase
significantly. To achieve this while reducing emissions
from agriculture at the same time is a major challenge.
Climate-smart agriculture (CSA) sets out to address this
challenge by transforming agricultural systems affected
by the vagaries of climate change. CSA aims at improving
food security and system’s resilience while addressing
climate change mitigation.
Authors and Publishers
To reduce hunger and poverty, and improve human nutrition in the tropics through research aimed at increasing the eco-efficiency of agriculture.
CIAT’s staff includes about 200 scientists. Supported by a wide array of donors, the Center collaborates with hundreds of partners to conduct high-quality research and translate the results into development impact. A Board of Trustees provides oversight of CIAT’s research and financial management.
SLU is a university that is broad based both geographically and scientifically.
Science and education for sustainable life
SLU develops the knowledge about how to use natural, biological land and water resources in a sustainable manner.
Education, research and environmental monitoring and assessment are pursued at some thirty locations all over the country. The main campuses are Alnarp, Umeå and Uppsala.
CGIAR is the only worldwide partnership addressing agricultural research for development, whose work contributes to the global effort to tackle poverty, hunger and major nutrition imbalances, and environmental degradation.