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Map of Eswatini


Eswatini is one of the few surviving absolute monarchies in the world. Formerly known as Swaziland, the country’s name was changed to Eswatini by King Mswati III in April 2018.  Eswatini is a small landlocked country of 17,364 km² with a population of 1.2 million people and a density of 63 people/km2. Despite its small size it contains four agro-ecological zones. It shares borders with South Africa and Mozambique.
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From left, Mukelo Mnisi, Sindiso Masuku and Muzi Shongwe photographed inside Ngwenya Mine's Lion Cavern. They worked for Salgaocar during its 2011 to 2014 operations. Working conditions were as terrible as the low pay, they say. Picture: Supplied

Reopening eSwatini’s controversial Ngwenya Mine

26 October 2020

A licence to restart work at an iron ore opencast mine has been issued despite complaints of poor working conditions and dust and water pollution affecting the surrounding areas. The second-biggest mountain in eSwatini, located in the north-east near the main border gate, is called Ngwenya because,…

Demolitions in Nokwane by Lombcebo Dlamini

CANGO calls for amendment of the laws governing the land tenure system

26 August 2020

Mbabane: The Human Rights and Governance Consortium under CANGO has called for the amendment of the laws governing the land tenure system to confer security of land ownership and protect communities from unlawful evictions. This follows the recent evictions which took place at Mangwaneni in Mbabane…



Over half of ever-widowed women in Swaziland reported that they had been dispossessed of their property

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The Sugar Rush in South Africa - land grabs, land rights, human rights, agriculture

The sugar rush in southern Africa

By Ian Scoones, Professorial Fellow at the Institute of Development Studies, and the Director of the ESRC STEPS Centre at Sussex The expansion of sugar production in southern Africa has been dramatic. From its early beginnings in Natal to the huge commercial estates across the region established…