In the last two decades, Mongolia started a transition from a centrally planned economy to a free market economy. This change had led to ambiguous land rights, confusion over governance and increasing inequality in asset holdings, particularly for women.
ULAANBAATAR - In a damp, single room in a disused bathhouse in the Sansar area of eastern Ulaanbaatar, 90-year-old Yuule Vandan cares for her disabled son and worries how he will survive without her.
Yuule moved out of a shared flat in an old Soviet barracks over three years ago while it was redeveloped but the project was shelved and she now struggles to pay 100,000 tugrik ($42) rent from a state pension of 250,000 tugrik for their one room.
As climate-driven drought takes hold, Mongolia's nomads are retreating to the city - and facing choking pollution
ULAANBAATAR - With about 100 sheep and goats, Jugder Samdan makes just enough to scrape by as a nomadic herder in Mongolia, basking in the sun as he watches over his animals, but he worries about the future.
Samdan has seen major changes during his 70 plus years on the vast semi-arid grassland, or steppe, in central Mongolia's Arkhangai province, with shifts in politics and society impacting one of the world's last remaining nomadic cultures.
“Gender, Land and Mining in Mongolia” is the product of two years of rigorous field research in Mongolia in collaboration with the Mongolian NGO, People Centered Conservation (PCC). It is the first country research report by the WOLTS (Women’s Land Tenure Security) project team at Mokoro and involved repeat rounds of both quantitative and qualitative participatory fieldwork to validate results.