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Map of Mongolia

Mongolia

Mongolia is a large land-locked country of 157 million hectares, bordering Russia to the north and China on all other sides. It is situated on high plateaus with an average altitude of 1,580m above sea level, and over 80% of the country above 1,000m. While much of the landscape in the Southern part of the country is characterised by rocky deserts, notably the Gobi Desert, and grassy semi-arid steppes, with little forest, there are also significant mountain ranges in the West, Central and Northern parts of the country. Ecological zones include alpine mountain zones, taiga, forest steppe, steppe, desert steppe and desert. With just over 3.2 million people in 2019, Mongolia is the least densely populated country in the world. Yet there are many environmental challenges relating to desertification, overgrazing of grasslands, and impacts from climate change.
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Ambitious $104 million program targets land degradation in Africa and Central Asian countries

16 June 2021

Main photo: Farmers at a FAO anti-desertification project in Burkina Faso, one of 11 countries targeted by the Global Environment Fund Initiative The global launch of a $104 million initiative signals an ambitious effort by a range of partners to safeguard drylands in the context of climate change,…

Herders Confront a Challenging New Landscape

3 April 2021

Dzuds, a weather phenomenon characterized by extreme cold, used to be unusual. Now, they’re becoming the new normal. DALANZADGAD, UMNUGOVI PROVINCE, MONGOLIA — Clouds gather in the moody winter sky, and the wind picks up. As the temperature plummets, sheep and goats turn from the pasture where…

Mongolia’s pitiless dzud

20 February 2021

Main photo: A herder collects snow to be melted down into drinking water. The dzud is a peculiar weather phenomenon unique to Mongolia in which every few years a summer drought combines with a harsh winter. Nomadic herders can only despair as piles of dead, frozen sheep and goats stack up across…

Mongolia

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92% of 357 formal herder groups are led by men. However, for groups involved in nature conservation, there is a higher likelihood of female group leaders

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To secure equal rights to land, bring men and women together

To secure equal rights to land, bring men and women together

13 July 2021

There is an underlying tension in the land rights movement that is rarely addressed head on, which is the perception that securing women’s land rights threatens community land rights. Community land rights are typically held by indigenous people, small-scale and subsistence farmers, pastoralists,…

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Women and Community Land Rights: Investing in Local Champions

Women and Community Land Rights: Investing in Local Champions

  Women’s Land Tenure Security (WOLTS) is a practical action-research project on gender and land, led by development consultants Mokoro. For more than five years WOLTS has collaborated with local partners People Centered Conservation (PCC) in Mongolia and HakiMadini in Tanzania, investigating…