Land tenure is theoretically safe for communities and smallholders. However, the emergence of state and private "mega-projects" in agriculture (e.g. Prosavana), forest plantations (e.g. Portucel), mining (e.g. Coal Exploitation in Tete - Vale, Gas Exploration in Palma - ENH and Anadarko), construction of public infrastructure (Maputo-Katembe Bridge, Moamba Dam, etc.) has results in the increase in the number of land conflicts between the private sector and the communities as well as between communities and the Government.
The CPLP has initiated the creation of common draft guidelines to support Family Farming. These guidelines will identify priority issues and will support the Member States` effort to develop a sustainable agriculture to combat hunger and poverty efficiently. The Zero Draft is already available and the deadline for the public consultation (in Portuguese) is November 13.
On July 26, 2018, farmers in Xai-Xai, Mozambique, achieved a milestone. They met to formalize their new farmers’ association, elect leaders, and prepare a petition to the local government for land. The association, christened Tsakane, which means “happy” in the local Changana language, was the culmination of six years of resistance to a Chinese land grab that had sparked protest and outrage. The association now has a request pending for its own land.
Successful agricultural development initiatives associated with poverty reduction have seldom included large-scale land-based investment. Feed the Future focuses on smallholder-led agricultural growth as the principal engine of poverty reduction and food security. Investment in agriculture of all sizes, however, can be constructive and is encouraged by the U.S. Government, but investments must take into account specific country contexts and circumstances and respect the rights of local populations.